BANNU GULL بنوں گل
Origin of the Name “Bannu”
There is a misunderstanding about the name “Bannu”. It is said that one of the wife of Shah Farid, the ancestor of the people of Bannu was named “Bano” that’s why the place was given the name . This is a silly and humorous logic. There are many proofs that the above mentioned reason for the name “Bannu” is wrong.
Some fifteen hundred years ago, a Chinese tourist writer“Heon Sang” has called it Banna. Also some thirteen Hundred years ago a Muslim historian “Al-Bilazari” has mentioned the name Banna or . Both these two historians have lived many hundred years before Shah. Secondly pushtoon culture never permits people to make public the name of their women. They rather keep it secret from other people. Then how it can be possible that they would have chosen a name of a woman for their city.
Welcome to Bannu
Bannu is a district of Khyber PakhtunKhwa Province (old name of the province was N.W.F.P - North West Frontier Province), in Pakistan. It is situated at a distance of 190 km, in the south of Peshawar. Its population is more than half a million. Majority of the population live in villages. Still the Urban area is overcrowded with people.
URBAN AREA: The urban area can be divided into two phases.
THE VILLAGES OF BANNU: As stated earlier, that majority of Bannu population live in villages, but these villages are grouped into areas. Some of the major areas are:
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The people of Bannu are known as Banisee or "Bani Sai".The main language of Bannu is Pashto. Nearly 85-90% of the population are ethnic Pashtuns. Syed Caste are also native in Bannu as Shajees. There are also members of theAwan tribe (called Ainki by the locals) and these make the second largest group in the district. The Pashtuns are at logger heads with the Awans as the later are the only group in the area who are not willing to accept the superiority of the pushtoons.
Bannu is called Bana and Bani Gul in the local Pashto language. The population consists of native-born calledBanisee, [as in local language]. There are many people living in Bannu who are immigrants like Wazir, Khattak, Afridi, Marwat, Kashmiris. It is also to be noted that after the partition hundreds of familles migrated form Hindustan and settled in Bannu. They are called by the local peoplePanahgazeen or Mahajirs (immigrants). Mirzali Khel(basically Masid) migrated to Bannu from Afghanistan and settled in Mandan Area (Joji Kella, Sala Khan, Emaro, Badda, Zalam and Ghreyi Kella are some of the villages in Mandan Area).
Bannu district is divided into many geographical areas, which are then sub-divided into villages. Some of these areas are named as: